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Colds are caused by viruses and cannot be cured by antibiotics. Various treatments can be of benefit though. Adults should take two Paracetomol or soluble Aspirin tablets every four hours (to a maximum of 8 in 24 hours) to help lower temperatures and ease aching muscles. If a sore throat is present, gargling with the soluble Aspirin may help. Take plenty of drinks.
Children under 12 should not take Aspirin and the appropriate dose of Paracetomol mixture can be given every 4 hours.
Steam inhalations are helpful. Vick, Menthol and Karvol can be used, but not for babies under 3 months old.
The illness can last 7 to 10 days. Children have repeated colds and these build up a resistance to infection.